By Albert Stwertka
Provides the fundamental ideas of chemistry and explains advanced theories sooner than providing a separate article on all of the development blocks that make up the universe.
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Additional resources for A Guide to the Elements
Column of elements known The other members chlorine, bromine, iodine, at the is "salt or this family are and bottom of the group, in the or as the halogens, astatine. Astatine, highly radioactive. halogen atoms react chemically by accepting electrons from All other atoms and readily combine with metals to form known as salts. compounds The smaller the halogen atom, the closer to the nucleus the incoming electron will be and the greater the force that attracts it and makes the reaction occur. Fluorine smallest, lightest, and most reactive member is the of the halogen group.
Crystals of beryl several feet long and weighing as much as a More commonly, however, thousand pounds have been found. these crystals are quite small. Bery Ilium was discovered in 1798 by the French chemist who was Louis-Nicolas Yauquelin, investigating the structures of and emerald. The two gemstones were long thought beryl different minerals. Yauquelin is to be also credited with the discovery of chromium. commercial quantities Metallic beryllium in In 1932, the English physicist Jama electrolysis of molten beryllium chloride (BeCl Chathvick discovered neutrons by bombarding beryllium with alpha parti* was not commercially available have a number of desirable until 1957, but is made from the has been found to it properties.
Ot' ofcarbon dioxide and other substances emitted by the burning of Respite now dire atmosphere in the climate from the in in sures to reduce the levels I Many environmentalists fear that the melting from the warming produced by the glaciers, effect, the Earth. the catastrophic consequences buildup of carbon dioxide Some level ot the warming made about predictions have been in the Earth's associated with the atmosphere, Commercially, carbon dioxide it is does have obtained as manufacture of ammonia.