By Ian Miller
This ebook is Open entry below a CC through license.
It is the 1st monograph-length research of the force-feeding of starvation strikers in English, Irish and northern Irish prisons. It examines moral debates that arose during the 20th century whilst governments approved the force-feeding of imprisoned suffragettes, Irish republicans and convict prisoners. It additionally explores the fraught position of felony medical professionals known as upon to accomplish the method. because the domestic workplace first accepted force-feeding in 1909, a couple of questions were raised concerning the strategy. Is force-feeding secure? Can it kill? Are medical professionals who feed prisoners opposed to their will forsaking the clinical moral norms in their occupation? And do kingdom our bodies use criminal medical professionals to aid take on political dissidence now and then of political crisis?
Read Online or Download A History of Force Feeding: Hunger Strikes, Prisons and Medical Ethics, 1909–1974 PDF
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Extra info for A History of Force Feeding: Hunger Strikes, Prisons and Medical Ethics, 1909–1974
39 If consent had not been given, then was force-feeding simply a state-sanctioned abuse of medical power? Worse still, was prison medicine being manipulated for political purposes under the auspices of saving lives? 40 Although, technically, prison doctors still decided whether individual prisoners ought to be fed, the overarching presence of the state at the back of these decisions energised discussion on the degree of control or persuasion that the state now held in prison medical practice. Resolving these issues was not an easy task given a distinct absence of a firm tradition of British medical ethics.
29 As historian Martin Weiner argues, the disciplinary face of Victorian medicine, expressed through its support for compulsory vaccination and venereal examination of prostitutes, meant that the disciplinary tendencies of the prison medical service did not necessarily conflict with the values or world views of the medical profession more generally. 30 Nonetheless, for some, force-feeding was a step too far. 32 All of these seemed to have some discernible therapeutic value. But did force-feeding?
36 When the Home Office first authorised force-feeding, the WSPU swiftly rallied medical support, filling pages of their newspaper, Votes for Women, with testimony which insisted that feeding practices, especially when used on resisting prisoners, could cause serious and permanent internal injury. Force-feeding, opponents vociferously declared, could cause a plethora of complaints and, on that basis, constituted a gross perversion of medical norms. 37 Expert uncertainty about the safety of feeding technologies, even in clinical contexts, granted the suffragettes opportunities to converse with concerned medical professionals who, although not necessarily attracted to the issue of female enfranchisement, felt uneasy about the state’s harnessing of prison medicine.