Download An Introduction to Classical Islamic Philosophy by Oliver Leaman PDF

By Oliver Leaman

ISBN-10: 0521793432

ISBN-13: 9780521793438

Even supposing Islamic philosophy represents essentially the most very important philosophical traditions on this planet, it has in simple terms fairly lately started to obtain realization within the non-Islamic global. it is a re-creation of a profitable introductory booklet, increased and up to date to take account of contemporary scholarship. It makes a speciality of what's considered as Islamic philosophy's golden age, and may attract scholars and to any basic reader drawn to this philosophical culture.

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This is hardly surprising given the very different societies which the Qur’¯an eventually was called upon to regulate. Even looking for relevant sayings of the Prophet and his Companions to justify decisions became difficult without the large-scale manufacturing of such  An introduction to classical Islamic philosophy sayings to suit particular purposes. This involved passing off invented sayings as genuine sayings in order to establish the Islamic credentials of a practice or belief. A good deal of the ‘wisdom’ which was popular in the Middle East and which derived from non-Islamic religions and traditions became incorporated into acceptable Muslim thinking by the attribution of appropriate attitudes to the Prophet and his Companions.

The thought of ibn Rushd came to have great importance in Jewish and Christian philosophical circles, initially because of his great skill as an interpreter of Aristotle. As we have seen, Aristotle was held to be the most important philosopher (the shaykh al-ra‘¯ıs in Arabic, or ‘first master’) in both Christian and Jewish philosophy, and Averroes was irreplaceable as a clear and consistent interpreter of Aristotle’s views. The role of al-Andalus, Islamic Iberia, as a link between West and East was important here as well.

When one considers the work of these highly active individuals in both their public and their intellectual lives, one cannot but be impressed by their ability to produce so much excellent philosophical (and other scholarly) argument and commentary. When one considers the instability of the times, the danger in which they were sometimes placing themselves and the vocal opposition from the ‘ulam¯a ’ and the generally conservative Muslim and Jewish communities, their devotion to philosophy must have been considerable.

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