By Beaudry, Mary Carolyn; Metheny, Karen Bescherer
What are the origins of agriculture? In what methods have technological advances concerning foodstuff affected human improvement? How have nutrition and foodways been used to create id, speak which means, and manage society? during this hugely readable, illustrated quantity, archaeologists and different students from around the globe discover those questions and more.
The Archaeology of nutrients offers greater than 250 entries spanning geographic and temporal contexts and contours contemporary discoveries along the result of a long time of analysis. The individuals supply overviews of present wisdom and theoretical views, elevate key questions, and delve into myriad medical, archaeological, and fabric analyses so as to add intensity to our figuring out of meals. The encyclopedia serves as a reference for students and scholars in archaeology, foodstuff experiences, and similar disciplines, in addition to attention-grabbing examining for culinary historians, nutrients writers, and foodstuff and archaeology enthusiasts.
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Extra info for Archaeology of food : an encyclopedia
Printed in the United States of America In memory of our colleagues Klaus Schmidt1953–2014 Sharon Zuckerman1965–2014 Contents Contents Abbreviations Introduction A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Y Z About the Editor and Contributors Abbreviations aDNA ancient DNA AMS accelerator mass spectrometry radiocarbon dating BSR Broad Spectrum Revolution 14C Carbon-14 or radiocarbon cDNA complementary DNA cf. /spp. one or several species unknown or unspecified (taxonomic nomenclature) USO underground storage organ var.
Yams and many types of millet seem to have been domesticated several times. Domestication-based economies using wheat, barley, and legumes may have arisen several times independently in areas of the Middle East, and wheat possibly also in Turkmenistan in central Asia. Rice may have been domesticated at least twice, once (or more) in India and once (or more) in China. In East, South, and Southeast Asia, there may have been several separate centers of domestication for buckwheat, sugarcane, wild rice, various types of millet, roots and tubers, various gram species (loosely related to mung beans), sesame, and pandanus.
One or several species unknown or unspecified (taxonomic nomenclature) USO underground storage organ var. variety (taxonomic nomenclature) VHR very high resolution satellite imagery VLM visible-light microscopy WTSS whole transcriptome shotgun sequencing XRF X-ray fluorescence Dates BP before present cal AD calibrated years AD cal BC calibrated years BC cal BP calibrated years BP cal KYA thousand years ago calibrated KYA thousand years ago MYA million years ago Symbols ca. circa ~ similar to < less than > greater than � plus or minus Introduction An egg.